Top 101 Most Commonly Prescribed Medications (Drugs List)

Medicine is any chemical entity used or intended to be used to treat and prevent different diseases. The study of drugs and their effects on the human body is called pharmacology

Medicine is a massive market with billions of dollars of investment. Every day millions of prescriptions are dispensed.

According to data from Statista, the total number of prescriptions has expanded from 2009 to 2019. In 2009 the number of medications dispensed in the US was close to 3.95 billion, while in 2019, the number of prescriptions was around 4.22 billion.

Out of the above data, the top 200 most prescribed medications accounted for about 2.87 billion. The top 200 most prescribed drugs represent 66.6% of total prescriptions filled in the United States. [1]

From angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors to inhalers to depression drugs, these are the most commonly used drugs combating common diseases like heart attacks, diabetes, and mental illnesses.

These Rx drugs are given out to millions of people regularly. As a result, we’re dependent on many different types of prescription medicines.

For that reason, we have compiled a list of the most commonly used prescription and over-the-counter drugs.

Let’s have a look.

Top 101 OTC and Prescribed Medications

1. Phentermine

  • Phentermine is a stimulant similar to an amphetamine. It acts as an appetite suppressant for influencing the central nervous system.
  • Phentermine is not for the overweight and is especially recommended for those with a bodyweight of more than 300 pounds.
  • It is used along with diet and exercise to treat obesity (overweight) in people with risk factors such as hypertension, high cholesterol, or diabetes.
  • It is a prescription medication and should not be used without the consent of a doctor.

Learn More about Phentermine.


2. Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen

  • Hydrocodone is a widely prescribed pain reliever. A medication that unites hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone is an opioid in a category of drugs called narcotic analgesics. Hydrocodone can be pretty effective, but additionally, it may become habit-forming. If your physician prescribes hydrocodone for you, it is possible to take action to prevent severe complications in hydrocodone addiction. First, however, you have to understand why and how hydrocodone gets addictive and the signals of hydrocodone dependence.
  • Acetaminophen belongs to a class of analgesics (pain relievers) and antipyretics(fever reducers). It treats different medical conditions such as headaches, muscle aches, arthritis, backache, toothaches, colds, menstrual periods, and fevers. The FDA approved acetaminophen in 1951.

Learn more about Paracetamol


3. Amphetamine/Dextroamphetamine

  • Amphetamine is a potent stimulator of the central nervous system. It’s the same as Phenteramine. It’s used to treat several health conditions, but it’s also highly addictive, with a history of misuse. Amphetamines are a form of stimulant. They are also sometimes used by healthcare professionals to treat other ailments.
  • Dextroamphetamine and methamphetamine are two kinds of amphetamines. They are occasionally sold illegally. Methamphetamine is the most frequently abused amphetamine.
  • The combination is used to deal with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) within an entire treatment program, such as emotional, societal, and other remedies. It could help to boost the capacity to listen, focus, remain focused and prevent fidgeting.
  • This product is a mix of stimulants (amphetamine and dextroamphetamine). It’s supposed to function by restoring the balance of certain all-natural substances (neurotransmitters) from the mind.

4. Zolpidem

  • Zolpidem is a non-benzodiazepine and belongs to a class of medicines known as sedative-hypnotics. It works by slowing activity in the brain to allow sleep.
  • It affects chemicals within the brain that may be unbalanced in individuals with sleep issues (insomnia).

More About Zolpidem.


5. Alprazolam

  • Alprazolam belongs to a group of Benzodiazepines With a comparatively fast-acting tranquillizer with a short duration of action. Alprazolam has antianxiety and sedative-hypnotic drug actions.
  • It is used for the prevention and treatment of convulsion and moderates severe anxiety and panic disorders.

More About Alprazolam.


6. Lisinopril

  • Lisinopril belongs to a group of drugs called ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors). These cause the blood vessels to relax, making it easier for the blood to pass through them.
  • Lisinopril tablets are used to treat: High blood pressure, Diabetic kidney disease in patients with high blood pressure, Heart failure, Patients who are stable but have had a heart attack within the last 24 hours (short-term treatment). Lisinopril is recommended in children (above six years old) only to treat high blood pressure (hypertension).

More About Lisinopril Here.


7. Amlodipine

  • Amlodipine is a Calcium Channel Blocker and is employed to treat high blood pressure (hypertension).
  • Amlodipine helps stop future heart disease and heart attack strokes and is also used to prevent pain caused by Angina.

Learn more about Amlodipine


8. Gabapentin

  • Gabapentin is in a group of drugs referred to as anti-epileptic medication, also known as an anticonvulsant. It affects chemicals and nerves within the body involved in the cause of seizures and a few types of pain.
  • Gabapentin is used to treat partial seizures. It’s taken alongside other seizure medications in adults and children three years of age and older with epilepsy.

More about Gabapentin.


9. Tramadol

  • It is a synthetic painkiller, and it belongs to a group of drugs known as Opioid Analgesics.
  • Like other narcotic analgesics used to treat pain, patients taking Tramadol can abuse the drug and become addicted.
  • Tramadol was approved in 1995 by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the pharmaceutical company Janssen Pharmaceuticals under the Ultram brand, and in 2002 the FDA approved a generic version of Tramadol, which many companies now manufacture.

10. Amoxicillin

  • Amoxicillin is employed to treat many different types of infection caused by bacteria, like tonsillitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, gonorrhoea, and infections of the ear, Chest, nose, throat, skin, or tract.
  • Amoxicillin is also generally used with another antibiotic called clarithromycin (Biaxin) to treat stomach ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection. This combination is typically used with a stomach acid reducer referred to as lansoprazole.

Learn More here Amoxicillin.

(Most commonly used Medicines 11-20)


11. Azithromycin

  • Azithromycin belongs to the class of drugs known as macrolide antibiotics. It is used to treat certain bacterial infections.
  • Azithromycin may be used in combination with other antibiotics used to treat mycobacterium avium complex infection.
  • This antibiotic is used to treat middle ear infections, strep throat, traveler’s diarrhoea, pneumonia, and certain other intestinal infections.
  • It should not be used to treat infections caused by viruses, such as the common cold.
  • Common brands include Azomax, Zithromax, Z pak and many others.

More here, Azithromycin.


12. Atorvastatin

  • Atorvastatin is (Lipitor) belongs to a group of drugs known as statin used to treat elevated total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL, and to elevate HDL cholesterol.
  • Atorvastatin is also used to treat to lower the risk of stroke, heart attack, or other heart complications in people with type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, or other risk factors.
  • Atorvastatin only comes in the form of a tablet.

Learn more here Atorvastatin.


13. Clonazepam

  • Clonazepam (Brand name Rivotril) belongs to a group of drugs known as Benzodiazepine. Other members of This group are diazepam, alprazolam, Lorazepam, and Flurazepam.
  • Generally, these drugs are used as a sedative, or to decrease anxiety and Seizures.

Learn more here Clonazepam.


14. Esomeprazole

  • Esomeprazole is a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). It is one of the top-selling drugs in the United States. It works by decreasing the amount of acid produced in the stomach.
  • It is used in the short-term treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients with irritation and swelling of the esophagus when medicine cannot be taken orally.
  • It is also used to reduce the risk of bleeding ulcers after a specific procedure (endoscopy).
  • They are also used in the treatment of Zollinger Elison syndrome.
  • It may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Learn more here, Esomeprazole.


15. Escitalopram

  • Escitalopram is employed to treat depression and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worry and tension that disrupts life and lasts for six months or longer). Escitalopram is in a category of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
  • It works by increasing the serotonin number, a natural substance within the brain that helps maintain mental health.

Learn more here Escitalopram.


16. Cyclobenzaprine

  • Cyclobenzaprine is a muscle relaxer that relieves pain and discomfort caused by sprains, strains, and different muscle injuries.
  • The usual recommended dose of cyclobenzaprine is 15 or 30 mg once daily using extended-release tablets or 5 or 10 mg 3 times daily using immediate-release tablets.

Learn more here Cyclobenzaprine.


17. Ondansetron

  • Ondansetron is in a category of medicines known as serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonists.
  • Ondansetron is employed to stop nausea and vomiting caused by cancer chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery.

Learn more here Ondansetron.


18. Pantoprazole

  • Pantoprazole is in a class Of drugs called proton pump inhibitors;(PPIs) that block the production of acid by the stomach. Pantoprazole blocks the enzyme within the wall of the stomach that produces acid. By obstructing the enzyme, acid production is reduced, which enables the stomach and esophagus to heal.
  • It is used to treat conditions like ulcers, & gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD), and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome caused by stomach acid.

More info here Pantoprazole.


19. Sertraline

  • Sertraline is a Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors: (SSRI) and is well tolerated and is safer in overdose than other classes of antidepressants and needs to be considered first-line for treating depression.
  • Sertraline affects chemicals in the brain may be unbalanced in people with depression, panic, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive symptoms.

Learn more about Sertraline


20.Cetirizine

  • Cetirizine is an OTC drug used to treat pet allergies, dust mite allergies (seasonal and perennial allergic rhinitis), and hay fever.
  • It works by blocking a particular natural substance (histamine) that your body makes during an allergic reaction.
  • They are treating itchy, allergic skin rashes (urticaria or hives).
  • Treating chronic idiopathic urticaria (chronic itchy nettle-type rash where the cause is unknown)

Learn more here, Cetirizine.

Most commonly used Medicines 21-30


21. Oxycodone/Acetaminophen

  • Oxycodone is an opioid narcotic analgesic drug approved by the FDA in 1976 and is used to treat moderate to severe pain and treat diarrhea and pulmonary edema.
  • The medication comes from a concentrated liquid, liquid, capsule, tablet, and extended-release tablet. The extended-release tablets are used in patients who need round-the-clock pain relief.
  • The exact mechanism of action is unknown but may involve the stimulation of opioid receptors in the brain. Oxycodone does not eliminate the sensation of pain but decreases discomfort by increasing the tolerance to pain. In addition to tolerance to pain, oxycodone also causes sedation and depression of respiration.
  • Acetaminophen or Paracetamol belongs to a class of analgesics (pain relievers) and antipyretics (fever reducers).
  • It may be used for headaches, fever, muscle pain, and menstrual cramps.

22. Metformin

  • Metformin is an oral antidiabetic drug, primarily used in Noninsulin dependent Diabetes Mellitus Patients who are obese because it doesn’t cause an increase in body weight. On the other hand, bodyweight may be increased with insulin and sulphonylureas. It is excreted unchanged in the urine, and its plasma half-life is 1.30-to 3 hours.
  • It is the drug of choice in Noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus patients.

Know More here Metformin.


23. Promethazine

  • Promethazine (HCl) is an antihistamine employed in treating hypersensitivity reaction and allergic conjunctivitis and for the prevention of allergic reactions to blood or plasma in patients with a better-known history of such responses,
  • Promethazine (HCl) is employed as an antiemetic to stop nausea and vomiting and is additionally used for pre-operative and postoperative sedation.
  • Allergic reactions are treated with 6.25-25 mg orally three times daily. One 25 mg dose administered at bedtime additionally may suffice. A 25 mg injection is more used. Nausea and vomiting may be managed with 12.5-25 mg administered orally by injection each 4-6 hours as required.

Learn more about Promethazine


24. Vitamin D

  • Vitamin D is sometimes called the “sunshine vitamin” since it is produced on your skin in reaction to sunlight. It is a fat-soluble vitamin in a family of chemicals containing D-1, D-2, and D-3.
  • Your body produces vitamin D, obviously when it is directly exposed to the sun. You could even get it through particular foods and nutritional supplements to ensure sufficient levels of this vitamin in your bloodstream.
  • Vitamin D has a lot of vital functions. Finding a sufficient quantity of vitamin D is also essential for the average growth and development of teeth and bones and improved immunity against specific ailments.

25. Losartan

  • Losartan is an angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB) that might be used by itself or together with other agents to treat hypertension.
  • Other applications include diabetic kidney disorder, heart failure, and left ventricular enlargement. It is taken orally. It might be used along with additional blood pressure drugs.

26. Prednisone

  • Prednisone is a synthetic steroid With similar Properties to Those of prednisolone. It’s used to treat various conditions like skin conditions, allergic disorders, colitis, lupus, psoriasis, breathing disorders, and arthritis.
  • Corticosteroids like Prednisone aren’t sometimes prescribed for pregnant women since there’s some proof that they will cause birth issues like low birth weight, growth problems, and problems for the mother, like an increased risk of pre-eclampsia.

Learn more about Prednisone.


27. Bupropion

  • Bupropion is an antidepressant medication. It works by inhibiting the reuptake of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine, an action that results in more dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine to transmit messages to other nerves.
  • It is used in the management of major depression (major depressive disorder).

Learn more about Bupropion.


28. Duloxetine

  • Duloxetine is a selective serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor.
  • It affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with depression.
  • Duloxetine is used to treat the major depressive disorder in adults.

Learn more here Duloxetine.


29. Venlafaxine

  • Venlafaxine belongs to a class of antidepressant drugs called SNRI ( Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor).
  • It is employed to treat generalized anxiety disorder (GAD; excessive worrying that’s difficult to control), social anxiety disorder (extreme fear of interacting with others or performing in front of others that interferes with traditional life), and panic disorder (sudden, unexpected attacks of maximum fear and worry about these attacks).

Learn more about Venlafaxine.


30. Amoxicillin/Clavulanate

  • Amoxicillin is a penicillin antibiotic that treats infection by killing the bacteria responsible for the infection. Some bacteria can produce a chemical that makes Amoxicillin less effective.
  • The second ingredient, clavulanic acid, stops this from happening. Clavulanic acid stops the bacteria’s chemical from working, which allows Amoxicillin to kill the bacteria.

Learn more here Amoxicillin/Clavulanate.

Most commonly used Medicines 31-40


31. Lorazepam

  • Lorazepam belongs to a group of drugs known as Benzodiazepines and are widely used anxiolytic drugs. They have largely replaced barbiturates in treating anxiety and insomnia because
  • benzodiazepines are generally considered safer and more effective.
  • Benzodiazepines are commonly used; they are not necessarily the best choice for anxiety or insomnia.

Learn more about Lorazepam.


32. Cialis (Tadalafil)

  • Tadalafil (Brand name Cialis) Generic Cialis is Tadalafil belongs to a class of drugs called phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5).
  • Tadalafil is used to treat male sexual impotence or erectile dysfunction (ED). In combination with sexual stimulation, Tadalafil (Cialis) works by increasing blood flow to the penis to help a man achieve and maintain an erection.
  • The FDA approved tadalafil in November 2003.
  • It is available in almost all pharmacies. You can get Cialis Online at any accredited pharmacy if your doctor has prescribed it for you.

Know More Here Tadalafil (Cialis).


33. Metoprolol

  • Metoprolol is a Cardioselective Beta1 Adrenergic blocking agent that affects the heart and blood flow through arteries and veins.
  • It is used for heart failure, acute myocardial infarction (MI), mild to moderate hypertension, and angina pectoris. Sometimes Used For supraventricular and tachyarrhythmias and prophylaxis for migraine headaches.

Know More about Metoprolol.


34. Ibuprofen

  • Ibuprofen (Brand: Nurofen) is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). It works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body.
  • It is used to reduce fever and treat pain or inflammation caused by many conditions such as headache, toothache, back pain, arthritis, menstrual cramps, or minor injury.
  • Also Used In Pain Caused By Common Cold And Flu.
  • For symptomatic treatment of Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis.

Know More here Ibuprofen (Nurofen).


35. Oxycodone

  • Oxycodone is an opioid narcotic analgesic drug approved by the FDA in 1976 and is used to treat moderate to severe pain and treat diarrhoea and pulmonary oedema.
  • The medication comes in the form of a concentrated liquid, liquid, capsule, tablet, and extended-release tablet. The extended-release tablets are used in patients who need round-the-clock pain relief.

Know more here Oxycodone.


36. Fluticasone

  • Fluticasone – a drug known as corticosteroids prevents the release of substances in the body that cause inflammation. It is a prescription-only medicine. Fluticasone the respiratory system protects against overstimulation.
  • This medication reduces hypersensitivity reactions in the lungs and reduces inflammation. Fluticasone is taken by inhalation.

Learn more about Fluticasone.


37. Carisoprodol

  • Carisoprodol is an oral muscle relaxant. It can work by changing communication among nerves in areas of the brain, which control pain and the spinal cord.
  • The FDA accepted carisoprodol in April 1959.
  • Carisoprodol is employed as a short-term remedy for muscle strain. This medication should only be obtained for as many as two to three weeks.

38. Simvastatin

  • It belongs to a group of drugs called “Statins” And Is Used to reduce bad cholesterol like LDL And Triglyceride Level In the Blood. While the Increasing level of good cholesterol.
  • It Is also used to prevent Angina, heart attack, and stroke and decrease heart diseases.
  • It is being tested for secondary progressive multiple sclerosis in phase 3 clinical trials. This trial will take six years to complete, and results are expected in 2023.

Know more about Simvastatin.


39. Citalopram

  • Citalopram is an antidepressant belonging to some medications known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Citalopram is used as a treatment for depression.
  • It normally takes 4 to 6 weeks for citalopram to get the job done.
  • Negative effects, such as fatigue, dry skin, and sweating, are common. They are generally mild and go off after a few weeks.

40. Methocarbamol

  • It works by blocking nerve impulses (or pain sensations) that are transmitted to your brain. Methocarbamol can be used together with rest and physical therapy to treat skeletal muscle conditions like injury or pain.
  • Methocarbamol is prescribed for the relief of distress associated with debilitating skeletal muscle cramps. Methocarbamol can be used for relief from tetanus spasms.
  • The FDA accepted methocarbamol in July 1957.

Most commonly used Medicines 41-50


41. Fluoxetine

  • Fluoxetine is a type of antidepressant called an SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor).
  • It’s used to treat unique kinds of depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, some eating disorders, and panic attacks.
  • The FDA approved Fluoxetine in December 1987.

42. Loratadine

  • Loratadine is in a class of medications known as an antihistamine that reduces the natural chemical histamine’s effects in the body. histamine will produce symptoms Like; watery eyes, sneezing, runny nose, And itching
  • It is used for the treatment of allergies Like hypersensitivity reactions. It is also used to treat symptoms like skin sensation, runny nose, watery eyes, and sneezing from “hay fever” and different allergies. It’s also used to relieve itching from hives.

Learn more about Loratadine.


43. Hydrochlorothiazide

  • Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to a group of drugs called diuretics. It works by causing the kidneys to get rid of excess water and salt from the body into the urine.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide is used alone or in combination with other drugs to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Hydrochlorothiazide is used to treat oedema Or swelling caused by various medical problems, including liver disease, heart, And kidney diseases, and to treat oedema caused by using certain medications, including estrogen corticosteroids.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide may also be used to treat patients with diabetes insipidus and to prevent kidney stones in patients with high levels of calcium in their blood.

Know More here  Hydrochlorothiazide

44. Folic Acid

  • Folic acid is a form of Water-soluble Vitamin B9 and is important for several functions in the body.
  • Folic acid (Vitamin B 9) is required for strong blood. The lack of folic acid can cause anaemia (weak blood).
  • It is also used in age-related hearing loss.

45. Lisinopril/Hydrochlorothiazide

  • Lisinopril belongs to a group of drugs called ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors). These cause the blood vessels to relax, making it easier for the blood to pass through them.
  • Lisinopril tablets are used to treat High blood pressure, Diabetic kidney disease in patients with high blood pressure and Heart failure, etc.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide belongs to a group of drugs called diuretics. It works by causing the kidneys to get rid of excess water and salt from the body into the urine.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide is used alone or in combination with other drugs to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Hydrochlorothiazide is used to treat oedema Or swelling caused by various medical problems, including liver disease, heart, And kidney diseases, and to treat oedema caused by using certain medications, including estrogen corticosteroids.

46. Metoprolol

  • Metoprolol is a Cardioselective Beta1 Adrenergic blocking agent that affects the heart and blood flow through arteries and veins.
  • It is used for heart failure, acute myocardial infarction (MI), mild to moderate hypertension, and angina pectoris. Sometimes Used For supraventricular and tachyarrhythmias and prophylaxis for migraine headaches.

Know More Here Metoprolol


47. Diazepam

  • Diazepam belongs to a group of drugs known as Benzodiazepines.
  • It is mainly used to treat anxiety, insomnia, and seizures.
  • It is also used to relieve muscle spasms and to provide sedation before medical procedures.

48. Clindamycin

  • Clindamycin was first approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1970.
  • Clindamycin is a Lincosamide antibiotic used for the treatment of serious infections caused by susceptible bacteria.
  • It is most often used for treating penicillin-allergic patients or in other situations where penicillin or other such antibiotics cannot be used. Examples of infections treated with clindamycin include pneumonitis and lung abscess)Serious skin and soft tissue infections, Serious respiratory tract infections (for example, empyema, Female pelvic and genital tract infections (for example, endometritis), and ovarian abscess.

Know more about Clindamycin


49. Meloxicam

  • Meloxicam is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID). Meloxicam works by reducing hormones that cause inflammation and pain in the body.
  • Meloxicam decreases inflammation and pain. It’s approved to treat: Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Juvenile arthritis in people aged 2 years or older.

50. Cephalexin

  • Cephalexin is an antibiotic of the cephalosporin family. It works by fighting bacteria in your body.
  • It is used to treat; Genital and urinary tract infections, Bone infections, Ear infections, Infections of the skin and skin structure, Respiratory infections, Pharyngitis, Mastitis, And bladder infections.

Most commonly used Medicines 51-60


51. Clopidogrel

  • Clopidogrel belongs to a group of drugs known as antiplatelet drugs.
  • It reduces your risk of getting blood clots by affecting cells in your blood known as platelets.
  • It is used to stop heart attacks, prevent strokes.
  • Also Used after a heart treatment to protect the arteries.

Learn more about Clopidogrel.


52. Buprenorphine

  • Buprenorphine is an opioid medication used to treat opioid addiction within the privacy of a physician’s workplace. This additionally to buprenorphine’s pharmacological and safety profile makes it an attractive treatment for patients addicted to opioids
  • For the treatment of moderate to severe pain, peri-operative physiological state, and opioid dependence.

53. Tamsulosin

  • Tamsulosin is used to relieve the urinary symptoms of an enlarged prostate, also referred to as benign prostate hyperplasia or BPH.
  • Tamsulosin helps improve symptoms like eagerness to pass urine frequently or desperately; however, having a weak flow of pee or being unable to empty the bladder when you do go.

Learn more about Tamsulosin.


54. Ciprofloxacin

  • Ciprofloxacin (Brand Name: Ciproxin)belongs to a group of broad-spectrum antimicrobial drugs known as fluoroquinolones.
  • It is the most active second-generation fluoroquinolone against a wide range of bacteria susceptible to Gram-negative aerobic rods, especially the Enterobacteriaceae Neisseria.
  • It is used in urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by certain bacteria such as E. coli, Cervical and urethral gonorrhoea due to Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Typhoid, Skin infections, Bone infections, Joint infections, Meningitis, Pulmonary or respiratory tract infections, for example, tuberculosis, lower respiratory tract infections, and chronic bronchitis) Pneumonia and sepsis caused by Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis), Infectious diarrhoea caused by E. coli, Campylobacter jejuni, and Shigella, Prophylaxis of infections in neutropenic / cancer patients and other sensitive patients and Patients with anthrax with fever and low white blood cell count as well as intra-abdominal infections.

Learn more about Ciprofloxacin.


55. Furosemide

  • Furosemide belongs to a group of antihypertensive drugs known as diuretics.
  • Also known as frusemide is one of the loop diuretics.
  • Drug of choice in pulmonary oedema
  • Drug of choice in generalized oedema
  • (Oedema related to myocardial infarction and Oedema related to liver cirrhosis.

Learn about diuretics.


56. Montelukast

  • Montelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA).
  • It is used to treat bronchial asthma, alleviate symptoms of seasonal allergies, and stop exercise-induced breathing issues. It’s typically administered orally.

Learn more about Montelukast.


57. Trazodone

  • Trazodone is an oral Antidepressant drug approved by the US FDA in 1982.
  • It affects the brain’s chemical messengers (neurotransmitters) that nerves use to communicate with (stimulate) each other. The major neurotransmitters are acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. Many experts believe that an imbalance among the different neurotransmitters is the cause of depression. Although trazodone’s exact mechanism of action is not known, it probably improves symptoms of depression by inhibiting the uptake of serotonin by nerves in the brain. This results in more serotonin to stimulate other nerves. Trazodone also may increase the action of serotonin directly.

Know more here Trazodone


58. Levothyroxine

  • Levothyroxine is an artificial thyroid hormone used to treat hypothyroidism, a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t manufacture enough thyroid hormone.

59. Fluconazole

  • Fluconazole, is a triazole antifungal agent
  • It is used as a single dose of 150 mg for the management of vaginal candidiasis and candidal balanitis.

60. Ferrous Sulfate

  • Ferrous sulphate is an iron supplement and belongs to the class of compounds known as inorganic transition metal sulfates and
  • It is used to treat or prevent low iron levels in the blood (for example, for anaemia or pregnancy). Iron is an important mineral that the body needs to make and keep red blood cells healthy.

For more Ferrous Sulfate

Most commonly used Medicines 61-70

61. Temazepam

  • Temazepam belongs to a class of medicine referred to as benzodiazepines.
  • Temazepam is employed for the short-term treatment of insomnia. This is a sleep problem that features trouble falling asleep as well as wakening often throughout the night.
  • Temazepam could also be used as a part of combination therapy. This suggests you will need to take it with different medications.

Read Pharmacology Of Benzodiazepine.


62. Allopurinol

  • Allopurinol is a Prescription Drug used to treat kidney stones and gout and decrease uric acid levels in people who are receiving cancer treatment.
  • The dose of allopurinol for treating gouty arthritis is 200-600 mg daily depending on severity. The dose for treating high uric acid blood levels because of chemotherapy is 100-800 mg daily starting 1 or 2 days before therapy.

Read more about Allopurinol.


63. Sumatriptan

  • It is frequently utilized in treating migraines. Triptans create blood vessels that constrict and prevent pain pathways from the mind.
  • Triptans effectively alleviate the pain and other ailments that are associated with migraines.
  • Unwanted side effects of triptans include reactions at the injection site, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, nausea, and muscular fatigue. They are not suggested for individuals at risk of strokes and heart attacks.

64. Lamotrigine

  • Lamotrigine is an anti-epileptic also known as an anticonvulsant.
  • It is employed in the treatment of partial seizures, particularly when used along with other antiseizure medicine. Some clinical studies also show that it’s also effective as a single dose in the treatment of partial seizures.
  • It is also effective in the treatment of absence and myoclonic seizures in children. It may also help prevent depression that may occur after the manic phase of bipolar disorder.

Know more here Lamotrigine


65. Quetiapine

  • Quetiapine belongs to a class of drugs known as atypical antipsychotics.
  • It is a cheap drug Indicated for the treatment of the schizophrenic disorder, and bipolar disorder also called manic-depression.
  • The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved quetiapine in 1997.

Learn more about Quetiapine.


66. Mefenamic acid

  • Mefenamic acid belongs to the class of anthranilic acid derivatives of NSAIDs
  • It is used to treat mild to moderate pain, including menstrual pain, and is sometimes used to prevent migraine-related menstruation.

Learn more about Mefenamic Acid.


67. Estradiol

  • It is a female hormone (estrogen). Women employ it to help scale back vaginal symptoms of menopause (such as vaginal dryness/burning/itching).
  • These symptoms are caused by the body, creating less estrogen. once treating only vaginal symptoms of menopause; products applied directly within the vagina (such as this medication) should be used first.
  • Estrogens that are taken orally, absorbed through the skin, or injected could have larger side effects because of more estrogen being absorbed.

68. Ranitidine

  • Ranitidine belongs to a group of drugs called H2 Receptors Antagonists Or H2 Blockers; they reduce the amount of acid produced by the cells in the stomach’s lining. This helps heal and prevent ulcers and improves symptoms such as heartburn and stomach pain.
  • This medication is used to treat and prevent certain stomach and throat (oesophagus) problems caused by too much stomach acid (e.g., Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, erosive esophagitis) or a backward flow of stomach acid into the oesophagus (gastroesophageal reflux disease-GERD).
  • Ranitidine is also used to treat ulcers of the stomach and intestines and prevent them from returning after treatment.

Learn more about Ranitidine.


69. Hydroxyzine

  • Hydroxyzine belongs to a group of drugs known as antihistamines. (First generation)
  • Antihistamines are often used In the treatment of allergies, such as Allergic Rhinitis(hay fever). Antihistamine is usually used topically on the skin, in the eye, and the nose.

70. Valacyclovir

  • Valaciclovir, also spelt valacyclovir, is an antiviral agent employed in the management of herpes simplex, herpes zoster, and herpes B.
  • It’s a prodrug, being converted in vivo to aciclovir.
  • Valaciclovir was approved for medical use in 1995. GlaxoSmithKline markets it.

Most commonly prescribed medications 71-80

71. Cyanocobalamine

  • Cyanocobalamine (also called vit B12)is a complex cobalt-containing compound present in the diet and Vitamin B12. Vitamin B12 Occurs as Water Soluble, thermostable red crystals. It is synthesized in nature only by microorganisms; Vitamin B12 is a nutrient that helps the body’s nerves and blood cells to be healthy and helps DNA to make the genetic material in all cells.
  • Vitamin B12 also helps prevent a type of anaemia called megaloblastic anaemia that makes people tired and weak. It is also considered a “painkiller vitamin”.

72. Pravastatin

  • Pravastatin belongs to a group of medicines referred to as statins. It’s used to lower cholesterol.
  • It’s also taken to stop heart condition, heart attack, and stroke.
  • Don’t take pravastatin if you’re pregnant or suppose you’ll be pregnant. This medication will harm an unborn baby.
  • The medicine is obtainable on prescription tablets.

73. Carvedilol

  • Carvedilol belongs to a class of medications called beta-blockers
  • It is used to treat heart failure (a condition in which the heart can not pump enough blood to all parts of the body) and high blood pressure used.
  • It is also used to treat people who have had a heart attack. Carvedilol is often used in combination with other medications.

Know more about Carvedilol


74. Metronidazole

  • Flagyl (Metronidazole) is an antibiotic that is used to treat a wide variety of infections. It works by stopping the growth of certain bacteria and parasites.
  • They May be used to treat bacterial vaginosis, Amebiasis, Eradicating Helicobacter pylori bacteria, ulcerative gingivitis, etc.

Know more Metronidazole


75. Beclomethasone

  • It belongs to a class of medicines referred to as corticosteroids. Beclomethasone works by decreasing swelling and irritation in the airways to permit easier breathing.
  • Beclomethasone is employed to stop difficulty breathing, chest tightness, wheezy, and coughing caused by asthma attacks in adults and youngsters 5 years of age and older.

76. Progesterone

  • Progesterone is an endogenous steroid and a progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and humans embryogenesis.
  • It is the same hormone as the natural female sex hormone secreted by the human ovary. It is available with a concentration of 200 mg per capsule.
  • It is used in hormone replacement therapy. This means that it is administered orally in women’s bodies if they do not produce enough progesterone.

77. Ipratropium

  • It is a muscarinic antagonist structurally related to atropine however typically considered safer and more effective for inhalation use.
  • It’s offered as a nasal spray, pressurized inhalation solution called a metered-dose inhaler (MDI), and inhalation solution given through a nebulizer machine.
  • It is used to control and stop symptoms (wheezing and shortness of breath) caused by ongoing lung disease (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, which includes bronchitis and emphysema) and the common cold.

78. Atenolol

  • Atenolol belongs to a group of drugs known as Beta 2 blockers.
  • It is used to treat High Blood Pressure, Heart Attack, Angina, Atrial Fibrillation.

79. Levofloxacin

  • Levofloxacin is a broad-spectrum fluoroquinolones antibiotic.
  • Levofloxacin is used to treat bacterial infections of the skin, kidneys, sinuses (Sinusitis), bladder, or prostate (Urine Infections).
  • It is also used to treat bacterial infections that cause bronchitis or pneumonia and treat people exposed to anthrax or plague.
  • Levofloxacin is effective in treating infectious diarrhoea caused by E. coli, Campylobacter jejuni, and Shigella bacteria.

Know more Levofloxacin


80. Naproxen

  • Naproxen belongs to a group of drugs called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • It is used to treat painful conditions such as arthritis, gout pain, sprains and strains, period (menstrual) pain, and backache.

More here Naproxen


81. Nitroglycerin

  • Nitroglycerin is in a class of Prescription medications called vasodilators. It works by relaxing the blood vessels, so the heart does not need to work as hard and therefore, does not need oxygen.
  • Nitroglycerin is used to treat and prevent angina episodes in individuals who have coronary artery disease (narrowing of the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart). It is also used just before activities that may cause angina episodes to prevent Angina from occurring.

82. Bromazepam

  • Bromazepam is a Schedule IV benzodiazepine with sedative, hypnotic, anxiolytic, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties and is used to treat anxiety disorders.
  • It is used For the short-term treatment of insomnia, Nervousness and tension, Short-term treatment of anxiety or panic attacks.

83. Enalapril

  • Enalapril is a prodrug that belongs to the class of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
  • It is used to treat high blood pressure, Lowering high blood pressure helps prevent strokes, Heart attacks, and Kidney problems. It is also used to treat heart failure and help prevent left ventricular dysfunction.

84. Chlorthalidone

  • Chlorthalidone is a Prescription diuretic drug And is employed to treat high blood pressure and fluid retention caused by numerous conditions, including a heart condition.
  • It causes the kidneys to get rid of excess water and salt from the body into the urine. It may also be used to treat patients with certain electrolyte disturbances, diabetes insipidus, and to prevent kidney stones in patients with high levels of calcium in their blood.

85. Meclizine

  • Meclizine is in a group of medications referred to as antihistamines employed to prevent and treat nausea, vomiting, and dizziness caused by motion sickness. It should even be used to reduce dizziness and loss of balance (vertigo) caused by internal ear problems.
  • Meclizine was originally approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1957 under the name Antivert, manufactured by Citron pharmaceuticals.

86. Doxycycline

  • Doxycycline is a synthetic tetracycline antibiotic.
  • Doxycycline is available in Capsule, tablets, Oral Suspension, Syrup, and Powder For Injection.
  • It is Used To treat a wide variety of bacterial infections, including those that cause acne.

More here Doxycycline


87. Paroxetine

  • Paroxetine belongs to a group of medications referred to as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and is employed as an antidepressant. Paroxetine affects chemicals within the brain that may be unbalanced in individuals with depression, anxiety, or alternative disorders. Paroxetine and different antidepressants are required to hold a black-box warning due to an increased risk of suicide.
  • It is prescribed as a once-daily dose, to be taken within the morning.

88. Ramipril

  • Ramipril belongs to a class of drugs called angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
  • The FDA approved Ramipril in 1991, and Pfizer produced it. It has been prescribed for several different reasons.
  • Used alone or in combination with other medicines to treat; Hypertension, Reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in patients who will face these problems, Treatment of kidney disease or delayed worsening of renal disease (diabetes or non-diabetic) (nephropathy), and improve survival in patients with heart failure after a heart attack.

89. Amitriptyline

  • Amitriptyline is in a group of Drugs Called Tricyclic Antidepressant
  • It is Used to Help Relieve Symptoms Of Depression, Nerve pain ( Neuralgia) Prevent migraine, Nocturnal enuresis) in children aged six years and over (Bedwetting).
  • Lower doses are also widely used to block the long-term (chronic) pain of some rheumatic conditions.

90. Amiodarone

  • It prolonged the refractory period of the heart without causing the blockade of sodium.
  • It can be given orally and parenterally. It is absorbed from the intestine, widely distributed, and mainly deposited in the adipose tissue, metabolized in the liver, and excreted in the bile and faeces. When given for a prolonged period, its plasma half-life is about 54 days due to its slow elimination from the body.
  • Amiodarone treats and prevents abnormal heartbeats by working inside cells to control muscle contractions in the heart. This helps your heartbeat normally.

Most commonly prescribed medications 91-101


91. Pentazocine

  • Pentazocine is a synthetic opioid with agonist activity at the kappa and weak antagonist activity at Mu receptors.
  • Pentazocine is used to relieve moderate to severe pain.
  • Its analgesic activity is almost equal to that of morphine.

92. Gaviscon

  • Gaviscon combines three active ingredients like Sodium alginate, sodium bicarbonate, and calcium carbonate in a suitable flavoured vehicle like peppermint or aniseed flavour. Gavison is a sugar-free suspension manufactured by Reckitt Benckiser.
  • Relieving the symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux,
  • Heartburn includes heartburn in pregnancy or following meals.
  • Acid regurgitation.
  • Too much Stomach Acid or Stomach Upset.

93. Clonidine

  • Clonidine is a centrally-acting α2-adrenergic agonist. It crosses the blood-brain barrier.
  • Clonidine lowers blood pressure by decreasing the levels of certain chemicals in your blood. This allows your blood vessels to relax and your heart to beat more slowly and easily. Also used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD).

Learn more here Clonidine


94. Ventolin

  • Ventolin (Salbutamol Or albuterol) Is in a group of medicine called a short-acting beta 2 agonist.
  • It is employed to stop and treat wheezing and shortness of breath caused by breathing problems (e.g. asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
  • It’s conjointly used to prevent asthma brought on by exercise.

Learn more here Ventolin (Salbutamol)


95. Insulin glargine

  • Insulin is a hormone that works by lowering levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Insulin glargine is a long-acting insulin that starts to work several hours after injection and keeps working evenly for 24 hours.
  • Insulin glargine is used to improve blood sugar control in adults and children with diabetes mellitus. Some brands of this medicine are for use only in adults. Carefully follow all instructions for the brand of insulin glargine you are using.
  • Insulin glargine is also used to treat type 1 diabetes in adults and children at least 6 years old.
  • Insulin glargine is used to treat type 2 diabetes in adults.

96. Pregabalin

  • Pregabalin is a GABA Analog, Which is similar to Gabapentin.
  • Pregabalin is an antiseizure Or anticonvulsant Drug Used to Treat Painful Nerve Disease Such as Postherpetic Neuralgia and Is also used to treat Fibromyalgia and Spinal cord injury.
  • It works by reducing the abnormal electrical activity in the brain. It is given in combination with other drugs for the treatment of epilepsy.
  • It is also used for the treatment of symptoms of a generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

Read more about Pregabalin.


97. Aspirin

  • Aspirin Is The prototypical analgesic used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It has antipyretic And anti-inflammatory properties and acts as an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase, which results in the inhibition of prostaglandins’ biosynthesis. Aspirin or Acetylsalicylic acid also inhibits platelet aggregation and is used to prevent arterial and venous thrombosis.
  • Aspirin is The Most commonly Used medicine that has several uses, reducing the risk of serious problems such as heart attacks, and strokes to relieve pain.

Read more about Aspirin


98. Diclofenac

  • Diclofenac is a Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Used As a painkiller.
  • Diclofenac is used to treat painful conditions such as migraine, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Dysmenorrhea dental pain, sprains and strains, gout, and pain after surgical operations. It eases pain and reduces inflammation.

Read more about Diclofenac.


99. Baclofen

  • Baclofen is a Prescription Antispastic drug used to treat muscle spasms caused by certain conditions (such as multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury/disease). It works by helping to relax the muscles. Baclofen is a gamma-amino-butyric acid (GABA) derivative used as a muscle relaxant.
  • The exact mechanism of action is unknown, but It’s thought that baclofen blocks the signals from your nervous system that tell your muscles to spasm.

Read more about Baclofen

100. Warfarin

  • Warfarin is a prescription anticoagulant drug used to treat blood clots and to lower the chance of blood clots forming in your body.
  • Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis after insertion of prosthetic heart valves.
  • Warfarin is indicated for transient cerebral ischaemic attacks.
  • Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis of systemic embolization in patients with rheumatic heart disease and atrial fibrillation.
  • Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and treatment of venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism.

Know more about Warfarin

101. Glipizide

  • Glipizide is an oral anti-diabetic medicine that helps manage blood glucose levels.
  • This medication helps your pancreas manufacture insulin. Glipizide is employed along with diet and exercise to treat type 2 diabetes.

Read more about Glipizide.

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