Metoprolol: Uses, Side Effects, Dosage

Metoprolol is a Cardioselective Beta1 Adrenergic blocking agent that affects the heart and flow of blood through arteries and veins.

  • It is used for heart failure, acute myocardial infarction (MI), mild to moderate hypertension And angina pectoris. Sometimes Used For supraventricular and tachyarrhythmias and prophylaxis for migraine headaches.
  • Beta-blockers stop Norepinephrine (adrenalin) from working on beta receptors in blood vessels and within the heart. This causes blood vessels to relax. By relaxing the vessels, beta blockers facilitate to lower pressure level and scale back chest pain. blood pressure is usually raised as a result of vessels are tightened. That puts a strain on the heart and will increase the body’s oxygen demand. Beta-blockers facilitate to lower the heart rate and therefore the heart’s demand for oxygen.
  • Metoprolol is generally well tolerated. Side effects include,abdominal cramps,low blood pressure,constipation,diarrhea,depression,insomnia,nausea,fever,memory loss,dreaming,cold extremities,shortness of breath or wheezing,impotence,lightheadedness,And sore throat.
  • Possible serious adverse effects include; slow heart rate, hepatitis, and increased insulin resistance, fatigue, And Raynaud’s phenomenon.
  • Metoprolol is a Category C Drug.A pregnancy Category C drug may still be given to a pregnant woman if Your GP believes that the benefits to the woman outweigh the possible risks to the unborn child. For example, untreated high blood pressure during pregnancy carries its own set of significant risks to both the mother and the fetus.So In Condition Like This Your GP May Prescribed Category C Drugs.
  • Recommended Adult dosage (ages 18-64 years) For Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Is 50 mg, two Times a day Or 25 mg once a day or more. It’s gradually adjusted if needed.While Dosage for people younger than 18 years hasn’t been established.
  • Recommended Adult dosage (ages 18-64 years) For Angina Is 50 mg-100 mg, taken twice a day. The Dose should be adjusted according to the condition.While Dosage for people younger than 18 years hasn’t been established.
  • Recommended Dosage for heart failure or after a heart attack in Adults (ages 18-64 years); The oral immediate-release tablet is often dosed at 12.5–25 mg, taken once a day to start. From there, the dose is slowly adjusted.While Dosage for people younger than 18 years hasn’t been established
  • Read Classification of antianginal Drugs

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