Alprazolam Belongs to a group of drugs referred to as Benzodiazepines With comparatively fast-acting tranquilizer with a short duration of action.Alprazolam has antianxiety and sedative-hypnotic drug actions. it’s Used for the prevention and treatment of convulsion and moderate to severe anxiety and panic disorders.
Benzodiazepines bind nonspecifically to benzodiazepine receptors BNZ1, that mediates sleep, and BNZ2, that affects muscle relaxation, anticonvulsant drug activity, motor coordination, and memory. As benzodiazepine receptors are thought to be coupled to gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) receptors, this enhances the results of gamma-aminobutyric acid by increasing GABA affinity for the GABA receptor. Binding of the inhibitory neurochemical GABA to the site opens the chloride channel, leading to a hyperpolarized cell membrane that stops additional excitation of the cell.
The more common side effects of the alprazolam oral pill will include:dizziness or lightheadedness, blurred vision, trouble concentrating, muscle weakness or lack of coordination, nausea or emesis, exaggerated sweating, stuffy nose, raised or reduced appetite, drowsiness, headache, memory issues, sleep problems, indigestion, diarrhea, dry mouth, weight loss or gain, loss of interest in sex. Serious side effects and their symptoms will include the following: Mental issues, Movement problems, Heart issues, Liver problems, Urinating less than usual or not at all.
The starting dose for treating panic attacks is 0.5 mg three times daily. Doses will be raised every 3-4 days however by no more than 1 mg daily.The starting dose for treating anxiety is 0.25-0.5 mg three to four times daily using immediate-release tablets. The dose is also increased every 3-4 days to a maximum dose of 4 mg daily.The effective dose for preventing panic attacks is also as high as 10 mg daily for some patients. The beginning dose when using extended-release tablets to treat panic disorder is 0.5 mg once daily and also the average dose is 3-6 mg once daily.
Alprazolam is a pregnancy category D drug and isn’t safe to take throughout pregnancy. which means it will hurt your pregnancy.It will cause serious issues throughout your entire pregnancy, though, therefore you must avoid it throughout all 3 trimesters