Top 100 Extremely Important Pharmacology Mnemonics

Pharmacology Mnemonics are various techniques that facilitate Students to recall larger pieces of Clinical information, particularly in the form of lists like characteristics, stages, steps, parts, phases, etc

There are many types of mnemonics that work better like Name Mnemonics, Model Mnemonics, Expression or word mnemonics, Image mnemonics, etc.

Pharmacology is a very Vast Subject That’s Why It’s very difficult to cover the whole subject But Here is a list of some very Important Pharmacology Mnemonics.

Pharmacology Mnemonics helping students performs better in exams. In This Article, We will Highlight Top 100 of the Most important Pharmacology Mnemonics.

Pharmacology Mnemonics 1-33

  1. Sulfonamides: common characteristics SULFA:
    S-Steven-Johnson syndrome
    U-Urine precipitation/ Useful for UTI
    L-Large spectrum
    F-Folic acids synthesis blocker
    A-Analog of PABA
  2. Diuretics: groups “Leak Over The CAN“:
    L-Loop diuretics
    O-Osmotics
    T-Thiazides
    C-Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    A-Aldosterone inhibitors
    N-Na (sodium) channel blockers
  3. Tuberculosis: treatment If you forget your TB drugs, you’ll
    die and might need a PRIEST“:
    P-Pyrazinamide
    R-Rifampin
    I-Isoniazid (INH)
    E-Ethambutol
    St-Streptomycin
  4. Aminoglycosides: common characteristics AMINO:
    A- Active Against Aerobic gram-negative
    M-echanism of resistance are Modifying enzymes
    I– Inhibit protein synthesis by binding to 30S subunit
    N- Nephrotoxic
    O- Ototoxic
  5. Femara (Letrozole)  Side Effects 

Just Remember “FEMARA

  •  FFracture (Bone), Flushes (Hot)
  •  EEdema (Peripheral)
  •  MMemory impairment
  •  AAnxiety (Less Common)
  •  RRaised Sweating
  •  AArterial thrombosis(very rare

       6. Thalidomide: effect on cancer cells “Thalidomide

Makes the blood vessels hide“:
Use thalidomide to stop cancer cells from growing new blood vessels.

       7. Carbamazepine (CBZ): use CBZ:

        C-Cranial Nerve V (trigeminal) neuralgia
        B-Bipolar disorder
        Z-Zeisures

       8. Warfarin: interactions

             ACADEMIC QACS:

         A-Amiodarone

         C-Cimetidine

         A-Aspirin

         D-Dapsone

         E-Erythromycin

         M-Metronidazole

         I-Indomethacin

         C-Clofibrates

         Q-Quinidine

         A-Azapropazone

         C-Ciprofloxacin

         S-Statins

      9. Morphine: side-effects MORPHINE:

         M-Myosis
         O-Out of it (sedation)
         R-Respiratory depression
         P-Pneumonia (aspiration)
         H-Hypotension
         I-Infrequency (constipation, urinary)
         N-Nausea
         E-Emesis

     10. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCA):                side effects TCA’S:

         T-Thrombocytopenia
         C-Cardiac (arrhythmia, MI, stroke)
         A-Anticholinergic (tachycardia, etc)
         S-Seizures

  1. Corticosteroids: adverse side effects CUSHINGS BAD MD:
    C-Cataracts
    U-Up all night (sleep disturbances)
    S-Suppression of HPA axis
    H-Hypertension/ Buffalo Hump
    I-Infections
    N-Necrosis (avascular)
    G-Gain weight
    S-Striae
    B-Bone loss (osteoporosis)
    A-Acne
    D-Diabetes
    M-Myopathy, moon faces
    D-Depression and emotional changes
  2. Microtubules: drugs that act on microtubules. “The 
    M
    icroTubule Growth Voiding Chemicals”:
    T-Thiabendazole
    M-Mebendazole
    T-Taxol
    G-Griseofulvin
    V-Vincristine/ Vinblastine
    C-Colchicine
    BromoCRYPTine is a DOPamine agonist.
  3. Beta-blockers: members “The NEPAL Prime
    M-Minister”:
    T-Timolol
    N-Nadolol
    E-Esmolol
    P-Pindolol
    A-Atenolol
    L-Labetalol
    P-Propranolol
    M-Metoprolol
  4. Insulin: mixing regular insulin and NPH “Not Ready,
    Ready Now”:
    Air into NPH
    Air into Regular
    Draw up Regular
    Draw up NPH
  5. Parasympathetic vs. sympathetic neurotransmitters “No
    sympathy for a Pair of Aces”:
    Norepinephrine is secreted in by the Sympathetic nervous system
    while Acetylcholine is secreted in the Parasympathetic nervous
    system.
  6. Benzodiazepines: 3 members that undergo extrahepatic metabolism
    Outside The Liver”:
    O-Oxazepam
    T-Temazepam
    L-Lorazepam
    These undergo extrahepatic metabolism and do not form active metabolites.
  7. Guanethidine: mechanism GuaNEthidine prevents NE
    (norepinephrine) release.
  8. Opioids: mu receptor effects “MD CARES“:
    M-Miosis
    D-Dependency
    C-Constipation
    A-Analgesics
    R-Respiratory depression
    E-Euphoria
    S-Sedation
  9. Adrenoceptors: the vasomotor function of alpha vs. beta ABCD:
    Alpha = Constrict.
    Beta = Dilate.
  10. Beta 1 selective blockers “BEAM ONE up, Scotty”:
    Beta 1 blockers:
    E-Esmolol
    A-Atenolol
    M-Metoprolol
  11. Atropine use: tachycardia or bradycardia “A goes with
    B“:
    Atropine used clinically to treat Bradycardia.
  12. Cancer drugs: time of action between DNA->mRNA ABCDEF:
    A-Alkylating agents
    B-Bleomycin
    C-Cisplatin
    D-Dactinomycin/ Doxorubicin
    E-Etoposide
    F-Flutamide and other steroids or their antagonists (eg tamoxifen,
    leuprolide)
  13. Busulfan: features ABCDEF:
    A-Alkylating agent
    B-Bone marrow suppression s/e
    C-CML indication
    D-Dark skin (hyperpigmentation) s/e
    E-Endocrine insufficiency (adrenal) s/e
    F-Fibrosis (pulmonary) s/e
  14. Tricyclic antidepressants: members worth knowing “I have to
    hide, the CIA is after me”:
    C-Clomipramine
    I-Imipramine
    A-Amitriptyline
  15. Torsades de Pointes: drugs causing APACHE:
    A-Amiodarone
    P-Procainamide
    A-Arsenium
    C-Cisapride
    H-Haloperidol
    E-Erythromycin
  16. Asthma drugs: leukotriene inhibitor action zAfirlukast:
    Antagonist of lipoxygenase
    zileuton: Inhibitor of LT receptor
  17. Propranolol and related ‘-olol’ drugs: usage “olol
    is just two backward lower case b’s.
    Backward b’s stand for “beta-blocker”.
    · Beta-blockers include acebutolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol,
    oxprenolol, propranolol.
  18. Beta-blockers: B1 selective vs. B1-B2 non-selective A
    through N: B1 selective
    : Acebutolol, Atenolol, Esmolol, Metoprolol.
    O through Z: B1, B2 non-selective: Pindolol, Propanolol, Timolol.
  19. Antirheumatic agents (disease-modifying): members CHAMP:
    C-Cyclophosphamide
    H-Hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine
    A-Auranofin and other gold compounds
    M-Methotrexate
    P-Penicillamine
  20. HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins): side effects,
    contraindications, interactions
     HMGCoA:
    · Side effects:
    H-Hepatotoxicity
    M-Myositis [aka rhabdomyolysis] · Contraindications:
    G-Girl during pregnancy/ Growing children
    · Interactions:
    C-Coumarin/ Cyclosporine
  21. Serotonin syndrome: components Causes HARM:
    H-Hyperthermia
    A-Autonomic instability (delirium)
    R-Rigidity
    M-Myoclonus
  22. Therapeutic index: formula TILE:
    TI = LD50 / ED50
  23. Antiarrhythmics: class III members BIAS:
    B-Bretylium
    I-Ibutilide
    A-Amiodarone
    S-Sotalol

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Pharmacology Mnemonics 33-66

  1. MAOIs: indications MAOIS:
    M-Melancholic [classic name for atypical depression] A-Anxiety
    O-Obesity disorders [anorexia, bulemia] I-Imagined illnesses [hypochondria] S-Social phobias
  2. K+ increasing agents K-BANK:
    K-K-sparing diuretic
    B-Beta blocker
    A-ACEI
    N-NSAID
    K-K supplement
  3. Ribavirin: indications RIBAvirin:
    R-RSV
    I-Influenza B
    A-Arenaviruses (Lassa, Bolivian, etc.)
  4. SIADH-inducing drugs ABCD:
    A-Analgesics: opioids, NSAIDs
    B-Barbiturates
    C-Cyclophosphamide/ Chlorpromazine/ Carbamazepine
    D-Diuretic (thiazide)
  5. Diuretics: thiazides: indications “CHIC to use
    thiazides”:
    C-CHF
    H-Hypertension
    I-Insipidous
    C-Calcium calculi
  6. Parkinsonism: drugs SALAD:
    S-Selegiline
    A-Anticholinenergics (trihexyphenidyl, benzhexol, orphenadrine)
    L-L-Dopa + peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor (carbidopa, benserazide)
    A-Amantadine
    D-Dopamine postsynaptic receptor agonists (bromocriptine, lisuride,
    pergolide)
  7. Thrombolytic agents USA:
    U-Urokinase
    S-Streptokinase
    A-Alteplase (tPA)
  8. Morphine: effects at mu receptor PEAR:
    P-Physical dependence
    E-Euphoria
    A-Analgesia
    R-Respiratory depression
  9. Morphine: effects MORPHINE:
    M-Miosis
    O-Orthostatic hypotension
    R-Respiratory depression
    P-Pain suppression
    H-Histamine release/ Hormonal alterations
    I-Increased ICT
    N-Nausea
    E-Euphoria
    S-Sedation
  10. Anticholinergic side effects “Know the ABCD’S of
    anticholinergic side effects”:
    A-Anorexia
    B-Blurry vision
    D-Constipation/ Confusion
    D-Dry Mouth
    D-Sedation/ Stasis of urine
  11. Antiarrhythmics: classification I to IV MBA College
    · In order of class I to IV:
    M-Membrane stabilizers (class I)
    B-Beta blockers
    A-Action potential widening agents
    C-Calcium channel blockers
  12. Teratogenic drugs “WTERATOgenic”:
    W-Warfarin
    T-Thalidomide
    E-Epileptic drugs: phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine
    R-Retinoid
    A-ACE inhibitor
    T-Third element: lithium
    O-OCP and other hormones (eg danazol)
  13. Epilepsy types, drugs of choice “Military General
    Attacked Weary Fighters Pronouncing ‘Veni
    Vedi Veci’ After Crushing Enemies”:
    ·Epilepsy types:
    M-Myoclonic
    G-Grand mal
    A-Atonic
    W-West syndrome
    F-Focal
    P-Petit mal (absence)
    · Respective drugs:
    V-Valproate
    V-Valproate
    V-valproate
    A-ACTH
    C-Carbamazepine
    E-Ethosuximide
  14. Pulmonary infiltrations inducing drugs “Go BAN Me!”:
    Go-Gold
    B-Bleomycin/ Busulphan/ BCNU
    A-Amiodarone/ Acyclovir/ Azathioprine
    N-Nitrofurantoin
    M-Melphalan/ Methotrexate/ Methysergide
  15. Respiratory depression inducing drugs “STOP
    breathing”:
    S-Sedatives and hypnotics
    T-Trimethoprim
    O-Opiates
    P-Polymyxins
  16. Benzodiazepines: ones not metabolized by the liver (safe to use in
    liver failure)
     LOT:
    L-Lorazepam
    O-Oxazepam
    T-Temazepam
  17. TB: antibiotics used STRIPE:
    St-STreptomycin
    R-Rifampicin
    I-Isoniazid
    P-Pyrazinamide
    E-Ethambutol
  18. Vigabatrin: mechanism Vi-GABATrIn:
    ViGABA Transferase Inhibition
  19. Propylthiouracil (PTU): mechanism It inhibits PTU:
    P-Peroxidase/ Peripheral deiodination
    T-Tyrosine iodination
    U-Union (coupling)
  20. Beta-blockers: nonselective beta-blockers “Tim Pinches
    His Nasal Problem” (because he has a runny nose…):
    Tim-Timolol
    Pin-Pindolol
    His-Hismolol
    Na-Naldolol
    Pro-Propranolol
  21. Enoxaparin (prototype low molecular weight heparin): action,
    monitoring
     EnoXaprin only acts on factor Xa.
    Monitor Xaconcentration, rather than APTT.
  22. Nicotinic effects MTWTF (days of the week):
    M-Mydriasis/ Muscle cramps
    T-Tachycardia
    W-Weakness
    T-Twitching
    H-Hypertension/ Hyperglycemia
    F-Fasciculation
  23. Muscarinic effects SLUG BAM:
    S-Salivation/ Secretions/ Sweating
    L-Lacrimation
    U-Urination
    G-Gastrointestinal upset
    B-Bradycardia/ Bronchoconstriction/ Bowel movement
    A-Abdominal cramps/ Anorexia
    M-Miosis
  24. Hypertension: treatment ABCD:
    ACE inhibitors/ AngII antagonists (sometimes Alpha agonists
    also)
    B-Beta blockers
    C-Calcium antagonists
    D-Diuretics (sometimes vasoDilators also)
  25. Phenytoin: adverse effects PHENYTOIN:
    P-P-450 interactions
    H-Hirsutism
    E-Enlarged gums
    N-Nystagmus
    Y-Yellow-browning of skin
    T-Teratogenicity
    O-Osteomalacia
    I-Interference with B12 metabolism (hence anemia)
    N-Neuropathies: vertigo, ataxia, headache
  26. Gynaecomastia-causing drugs DISCOS:
    D-Digoxin
    I-Isoniazid
    S-Spironolactone
    C-Cimetidine
    O-Oestrogens
    S-Stilboestrol
  27. Amiodarone: action, side effects 6 Ps:
    P-Prolongs action potential duration
    P-Photosensitivity
    P-Pigmentation of skin
    P-Peripheral neuropathy
    P-Pulmonary alveolitis and fibrosis
    P-Peripheral conversion of T4 to T3 is inhibited -> hypothyroidism
  28. Beta-blockers with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity
    Picture diabetic and asthmatic kids riding away on a cart
    that rolls on pinwheels.
    Pindolol and Carteolol have high and moderate ISA respectively,
    making them acceptable for use in some diabetics or asthmatics despite the fact that they are non-selective beta-blockers.
  29. Physostigmine vs. neostigmine LMNOP:
    L-Lipid soluble
    M-Miotic
    N-Natural
    O-Orally absorbed well
    P-Physostigmine
    · Neostigmine, on the contrary, is:
    Water-soluble
    Used in myasthenia gravis
    Synthetic
    Poor oral absorption
  30. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors: members “PIT of
    despair”:
    P-Phenelzine
    I-Isocarboxazid
    T-Tranylcypromine
    · A pit of despair, since MAOs treat depression.
  31. Antibiotics contraindicated during pregnancy MCAT:
    M-Metronidazole
    C-Chloramphenicol
    A-Aminoglycoside
    T-Tetracycline
  32. Etoposide: action, indications, side effect “eTOPoside”:
    · Action:
    Inhibits TOPoisomerase II
    · Indications:
    T-Testicular carcinoma
    O-Oat cell carcinoma of the lung
    P-Prostate carcinoma
    · Side effect:
    Affects TOP of your head, causing alopecia
  33. Antimuscarinics: members, action “Inhibits Parasympathetic
    And Sweat”:
    I-Ipratropium
    P-Pirenzepine
    A-Atropine
    S-Scopolamine
    · Muscarinic receptors at all parasympathetic endings sweat glands in
    sympathetic.

Pharmacology Mnemonics 66-100

  1. Lithium: side effects LITHIUM:
    L-Leukocytes Increased (leukocytosis)
    T-Tremors
    H-Hypothyroidism
    I-Increased Urine
    M-Moms beware (teratogenic)
  2. Osmotic diuretics: members GUM:
    G-Glycerol
    U-Urea
    M-Mannitol
  3. Narcotics: side effects “SCRAM if you see a drug
    dealer”:
    S-Synergistic CNS depression with other drugs
    C-Constipation
    R-Respiratory depression
    A-Addiction
    M-Miosis
  4. Benzodiazepines: antidote “Ben is off with the
    flu“:
    Benzodiazepine effects off with Flumazenil.
  5. SSRIs: side effects SSRI:
    S-Serotonin syndrome
    S-Stimulate CNS
    R-Reproductive dysfunctions in male
    I-Insomnia
  6. Depression: 5 drugs causing it PROMS:
    P-Propranolol
    R-Reserpine
    O-Oral contraceptives
    M-Methyldopa
    S-Steroids
  7. Sex hormone drugs: male “Feminine Males Need
    Testosterone“:
    F-Fluoxymesterone
    M-Methyltestosterone
    N-Nandrolone
    Testosterone
  8. Ca++ channel blockers: uses CA++ MASH:
    C-Cerebral vasospasm/ CHF
    A-Angina
    M-Migraines
    A-Atrial flutter, fibrillation
    S-Supraventricular tachycardia
    H-Hypertension
  9. Benzodiazepines: drugs which decrease their metabolismI‘m Overly Calm”:
    I-Isoniazid
    O-Oral contraceptive pills
    C-Cimetidine
  10. Warfarin: metabolism SLOW:
    · Has a slow onset of action.
    · A quicK Vitamin K antagonist, though.
    S-Small lipid-soluble molecule
    L-Liver: site of action
    O-Oral route of administration.
    W-Warfarin
  11. Opioids: effects BAD AMERICANS:
    B-Bradycardia & hypotension
    A-Anorexia
    D-Diminished pupillary size
    A-Analgesics
    M-Miosis
    E-Euphoria
    R-Respiratory depression
    I-Increased smooth muscle activity (biliary tract constriction)
    C-Constipation
    A-Ameliorate cough reflex
    N-Nausea and vomiting
    S-Sedations
  12. Tetracycline: teratogenicity TEtracycline is a
    TE-TEratogen that causes staining of
    TEeth in the newborn.
  13. Myasthenia gravis: edrophonium vs. pyridostigmine eDrophonium
    is for Diagnosis.
    pyRIDostigmine is to get rid of the symptoms.
  14. Narcotic antagonists The Narcotic Antagonists
    are NAloxone and NAltrexone.
    · Important clinically to treat a narcotic overdose
  15. Inhalation anesthetics SHINE:
    S-Sevoflurane
    H-Halothane
    I-Isoflurane
    N-Nitrous oxide
    E-Enflurane
  16. Disulfiram-like reaction inducing drugs “PM PMT” as
    in Pre Medical Test in the PM:
    P-Procarbazine
    M-Metronidazole
    PMT-Cefo (Perazone, Mandole, Tetan).
  17. Delerium-causing drugs ACUTE CHANGE IN MS:
    A-Antibiotics (Biaxin, penicillin, ciprofloxacin)
    C-Cardiac drugs (digoxin, lidocaine)
    U-Urinary incontinence drugs (anticholinergics)
    T-Theophylline
    E-Ethanol
    C-Corticosteroids
    H-H2 blockers
    A-Antiparkinsonian drugs
    N-Narcotics (esp. meperidine)
    G-Geriatric psychiatric drugs
    E-ENT drugs
    I-Insomnia drugs
    N-NSAIDs (eg indomethacin, naproxen)
    M-Muscle relaxants
    S-Seizure medicines
  18. Direct sympathomimetic catecholamines DINED:
    D-Dopamine
    I-Isoproterenol
    N-Norepinephrine
    E-Epinephrine
    D-Dobutamine
  19. Nitrofurantoin: major side effects NitroFurAntoin:
    N-Neuropathy (peripheral neuropathy)
    F-Fibrosis (pulmonary fibrosis)
    A-Anemia (hemolytic anemia)
  20. Methyldopa: side effects METHYLDOPA:
    M-Mental retardation
    E-Electrolyte imbalance
    T-Tolerance
    H-Headache/ Hepatotoxicity
    psYcological upset
    L-Lactation in female
    D-Dry mouth
    O-Oedema
    P-Parkinsonism
    A-Anaemia (hemolytic)
  21. Steroids: side effects BECLOMETHASONE:
    B-Buffalo hump
    E-Easy bruising
    C-Cataracts
    L-Larger appetite
    O-Obesity
    M-Moonface
    E-Euphoria
    T-Thin arms & legs
    H-Hypertension/ Hyperglycaemia
    A-Avascular necrosis of femoral head
    S-Skin thinning
    O-Osteoporosis
    N-Negative nitrogen balance
    E-Emotional liability
  22. Sodium valproate: side effects VALPROATE:
    V-Vomiting
    A-Alopecia
    L-Liver toxicity
    P-Pancreatitis/ Pancytopenia
    R-Retention of fats (weight gain)
    O-Oedema (peripheral edema)
    A-Appetite increase
    T-Tremor
    E-Enzyme inducer (liver)
  23. Lithium: side effects LITH:
    L-Leukocytosis
    I-Insipidus [diabetes insipidus, tied to polyuria] T-Tremor/ Teratogenesis
    H-Hypothyroidism
  24. Lead poisoning: presentation ABCDEFG:
    A-Anemia
    B-Basophilic stripping
    C-Colicky pain
    D-Diarrhea
    E-Encephalopathy
    F-Foot drop
    G-Gum (lead line)
  25. Beta-blockers: main contraindications, cautions ABCDE:
    A-Asthma
    B-Block (heart block)
    C-COPD
    D-Diabetes Mellitus
    E-Electrolyte (hyperkalemia)
  26. Metabolism enzyme inducers “Randy’s Black Car
    Goes Putt Putt and Smokes“:
    R-Rifampin
    B-Barbiturates
    C-Carbamazepine
    G-Griseofulvin
    P-Phenytoin
    P-Phenobarb
  27. Cholinergic (eg organophosphates): effects If you know
    these, you will be “LESS DUMB“:
    L-Lacrimation
    E-Excitation of nicotinic synapses
    S-Salivation
    S-Sweating
    D-Diarrhea
    U-Urination
    M-Micturition
    B-Bronchoconstriction
  28. Routes of entry: most rapid ways meds/toxins enter body “Stick
    it, Sniff it, Suck it, Soak it”:
    Stick = Injection
    Sniff = inhalation
    Suck = ingestion
    Soak = absorption
  29. Hepatic necrosis: drugs causing focal to massive necrosis “Very
    A-Angry Hepatocytes”:
    V-Valproic acid
    A-Acetaminophen
    H-Halothane
  30. Bleomycin: action “BleoMycin Blow
    My
     DNA to bits”:
    Bleomycin works by fragmenting DNA (blowing it to bits).
    My DNA signals that its used for cancer (targeting self cells).
  31. Beta-1 vs Beta-2 receptor location “You have 1 heart
    and 2 lungs“:
    Beta-1 are therefore primarily on the heart.
    Beta-2 primarily on lungs.
  32. Beta-blockers: side effects “BBC Loses Viewers
    IRochedale”:
    B-Bradycardia
    B-Bronchoconstriction
    C-Claudication
    L-Lipids
    V-Vivid dreams & nightmares
    I- -‘ve Inotropic action
    R-Reduced sensitivity to hypoglycemia
  33. Cisplatin: major side effect, action “Ci-SplatIn“:
    Major side effect: Splat (vomiting sound)–vomiting so severe that
    the anti-nausea drug needed.
    Action: Goes Into the DNA strand.
  34. Ipratropium: action Atropine is buried in the middle:
    iprAtropium, so it behaves like Atropine.

End Of the Topic Pharmacology Mnemonics



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