Abortion Pills Side Effects Everyone Should Know

Abortion Pills Side Effects

Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy by removing a fetus or embryo before it will survive outside the uterus. It’s additionally referred to as termination. There are 2 types of abortion; Abortion Through Pills or oral Tablets and Surgical removal. Like any other drugs, the Abortion Pills can cause some side effects that are listed below;

Abortion Pills Side Effects :

1. Misoprostol: 

It is an artificial prostaglandin Analogue and has ant secretory and protecting properties, Promoting healing of duodenal ulcer and gastric ulcer. it’s additionally used to stop NSAIDs Associated lesion.

Side Effects: 

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding including intermenstrual hemorrhage, Post-menopausal bleeding, and menorrhagia.
  • Diarrhea might occasionally be severe and needed withdrawal, reduced by giving single dose not surpassing 200mcg and by avoiding Magnesium-containing antacids.
  • Also reported Abdominal Pain, Flatulence, Dyspepsia, Nausea, and vomiting. Rashes and dizziness.

2. Mifepristone :

It is an anti-progestogenic steroid, used for termination of pregnancy, sensitizes the myometrium to prostaglandin-induced contractions and ripens the cervix.

Side effects: 

  • Signs of an allergic reaction, like rash; hives; itching; red, swollen, blistered, or peeling skin with or without fever; wheezing; tightness within the chest or throat; trouble respiration or talking; uncommon hoarseness; or swelling of the mouth, face, lips, tongue, or throat.
  • Very bad dizziness or passing out, very bad headache, very bad vaginal irritation, feeling very tired or weak, Shortness of breath, very bad belly pain, Severe bleeding, very loose stools (diarrhea), a quick heartbeat, very upset stomach or throwing up And pelvic pain.
  • Signs of infection like fever, chills, very bad sore throat, ear or sinus pain, cough, more sputum or modification in the color of sputum, pain with passing pee, mouth sores, or wound which will not heal.

3. Carboprost: 

It is also an artificial prostaglandin analog of PGF2α with oxytocic properties.Carboprost induces contractions and may trigger abortion in early pregnancy.

Side Effects: 

  • Less Frequent side effects include raised blood pressure, headache, diaphoresis, chills, dyspnea, and pulmonary oedema, cardiovascular collapse and erythema and Pain at the site of injection.
  • More frequent include diarrhea, Nausea, Vomiting, Flushing and Hyperthermia, And bronchospasm.


It is a polypeptide with 9 amino acids. It causes ejection of milk from breasts by inflicting contraction of myoepithelial cells around the alveoli. In large doses, it can cause contraction of the female internal reproductive organ. It is employed in the induction of labor Postpartum hemorrhage, and milk ejection.

Side effects: 

  • Side effects of oxytocin are rare with its proper use; however, hypertension, uterine rupture, fetal death, and water retention are reported.

5. Dinoprostone:

Dinoprostone used very rarely now a day, to get your cervix ready for childbirth.

Side Effects

  • Nausea, Vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Other side effects include severe uterus contraction, pulmonary or amniotic fluid embolism, uterine hypertonus, fetal distress, bronchospasm, maternal hypertension, fever, backache, speedy cervical dilation, cardiac arrest, female internal reproductive organ hypercontractility with or without fetal bradycardia, uterine rupture, neonatal death also reported.
  • Vaginal symptoms like Pain and warmth irritation.
  • After IV administration shivering, flushing, headache, temporary fever, dizziness and raised white blood cell count, local tissue reaction and erythema.

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