The active ingredient present in I Pill is Levonorgestrel. It belongs to a group of hormonal drugs known as progestins. Progestins are hormones used in many birth control pills. I Pill is manufactured by Piramal Healthcare Ltd.
It is used in the emergency contraception if taken within 72 hours of an unprotected intercourse or failure of the usual method of contraception.
I Pill Uses
I Pill can be used in the prevention of following conditions
- Emergency contraception
- Control of menstrual disorders, and
- Treatment of endometriosis.
How It Work? (I Pill Mechanism)
It binds to progesterone and estrogen receptors. Levonorgestrel reduces the release rate of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus and reduces the increase in preovulatory LH (luteinizing hormone).
Although levonorgestrel and similar contraceptives contain a higher dose of levonorgestrel than contraceptive pills, they also work to prevent pregnancy, mainly by stopping the ovary release. In addition, levonorgestrel can also prevent fertilization of an egg (the association of sperm with the egg) or association (implantation) of an ovum fertilized to the uterus (uterus).
I Pill Side effects
It is a contraceptive that only uses progestin to prevent pregnancy after having unprotected sex or a known or suspected contraceptive. All medicines have side effects. Often they are not serious, but sometimes they can also be serious. If you have side effects you may need medical treatment. I Pill side effects include:
Common I Pill Side Effects
- Stomach or abdominal pain,
- Breast pain or tenderness,
- Changes in your menstrual periods
- Heavier or lighter than usual menstrual bleeding.
Rare I Pill Side effects are
- Allergic reactions etc
Note: This is not a complete list of I Pill Side Effects. Consult Your doctor If you notice other effects not listed above.
Before taking Levonorgestrel, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you;
- Are Allergic to it; or to other progestins drugs
- Have any other allergies.
- Have unexplained vaginal bleeding.
- Do not drive, use machinery, or do anything that needs alertness until you can do it safely.
- You are Taking any medicine including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products.
- Ask if you suffer from high blood pressure
- This medication must not be used during pregnancy. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor right away.
- This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
- Have breast cancer.
I Pill Interactions
Some medications can make emergency birth control less effective by reducing the number of contraceptive hormones in your body. This effect can lead to pregnancy. Examples of such drugs are
- Rifampin, & rifabutin,
- HIV drugs (such as nelfinavir, nevirapine),
This is not a complete list of drugs. I Pill can also interact with medicine. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist for more details
A tablet should be taken as soon as possible, preferably within 12 hours and no later than 72 hours after an unprotected sexual intercourse.
If vomiting occurs within three hours after taking the tablet, another tablet should be taken immediately.
Frequently Asked Questions about I Pill
1) Is levonorgestrel safe to take in pregnancy?
I Pill must not be used during pregnancy. If you become pregnant or think you may be pregnant, tell your doctor right away.
2) Is levonorgestrel safe to take while breastfeeding?
This medication passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
3) Can I take the pill several times in the same cycle?
A dose of I Pill can protect you from two episodes of unprotected sex if you are not separated by more than 12 hours. In addition, the pill does not provide more protection, and the pill must be repeated. It can be taken more than once in the same cycle.
4) How should I Pill be taken?
A 1.5 mg tablet (or 2 tablets of 0.75 mg) of levonorgestrel (hormone) is taken orally with water. If vomiting occurs within 30 minutes of taking the tablet, the dose should be repeated.
5) Should I take I Pill on an empty stomach before eating or after eating?
I Pill should be taken on an empty stomach (1-2 hours after your last meal) and the patient should continue to avoid eating for another 2 hours.