- According to Diabetes.org “Diabetes is a serious life-long health condition that occurs when the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood is too high because the body can’t use it properly” .
- In 2016, there were more than 29 million people in the U.S. with diabetes, and 86 million with pre-diabetes.
- There are some signs and symptoms of this disease which can help us understand and diagnose in the early stage.
- According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about 1/3 of diabetic patients don’t know that they have diabetes but majority of people show some early signs and symptoms.
Signs And Symptoms
1. Frequent Urination-(Polyuria)
Normally your body reabsorbs glucose as it passes through your kidneys. But when diabetes pushes your blood sugar up, your kidneys may not be able to bring it all back in. This causes the body to make more urine, and that takes fluids.
2. You Feel Thirsty Than Usual-(Polydepsia)
When your body lose more water in urine you will feel thirsty.People often drink plenty of fruit juices which further increse level of sugar in blood.so its better to avoid sugary liquids and foods.
3. Feeling Hungry (Polyphagia)
According diabetes.co.uk “An increase in hunger is usually a response to normal things such as intensive exercise or other strenuous activity, but polyphagia can also be the result of more severe issues such as depression or stress”.
In uncontrolled diabetes where blood glucose levels remain abnormally high (hyperglycemia), glucose from the blood cannot enter the cells – due to either a lack of insulin or insulin resistance – so the body can’t convert the food you eat into energy.This lack of energy causes an increase in hunger.
Simply eating will not get rid of the hungry feeling of polyphagia in people with uncontrolled diabetes, as this will just add to the already high blood glucose levels. The best way to lower blood glucose levels is to exercise as this can help to stimulate insulin production and reduce blood sugar levels.”
4. Dry mouth.
Individuals suffering from type 1 and type 2 diabetes are at risk of developing dry mouth (xerostomia). Abnormal insulin production and/or absorption rates, which occur in diabetes, can cause the salivary glands to not release adequate amounts of saliva. According to experts, diabetes is likely the most frequent metabolic disease with salivary implications, due to the ever increasing numbers of people impacted by the disease.
5. Weight Loss:
Diabetic Patient urinate more due to which you lose water and calories in urine and that is the reason you lose weight but once you start controlling your blood sugar you may experience some weight gain.
Normally when you eat something for energy it breakdown and our cells used it but in case of diabetes your body don’t break the food and you are not getting the feul your body needs.This may cause tiredness.
7. Blurred vision
Long-term uncontrolled diabetes can lead to high blood sugar levels that cause damage to small blood vessels over time. This damage can lead to problems with part of the eye called the retina which can create blurred vision.
8. Slow healing
The immune system and the processes that help the body heal don’t work so well when your sugar levels are high.
9. Urinary tract infections
Higher levels of sugar in pee and the vagina can become a breeding ground for the bacteria and yeast that cause these infections.Recurrent infections are particularly worrisome.So if You are facing urinary tract infection more frequently its time to check your sugar level.
A common symptom of high or low blood glucose is a headache. Headaches alone aren’t harmful, but they can signal that your blood sugar is out of its target range. If you have frequent headaches, diabetes may be to blame.
Jen Reviews also discuss How to Manage Your Type 2 Diabetes with Diet