Dengue Fever,Facts,Symptoms,Prevention & Treatment

Dengue

Dengue:

Dengue is a viral transmitted disease caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses. This fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with dengue virus in their blood. It can’t be spread directly from one person to another person.

Facts:

  • Unlike malaria mosquitoes, this mosquitos bite during the day with their activity peaking at dawn and dusk So It is preferable to have all day protection.
  • Aedesaegypti lays eggs on the sides of containers and these remain stuck to the surface like glue. The eggs can survive without water for almost a year and hatch as soon as they are submerged in water.
  • The female dengue mosquito can lay eggs in any container which can hold some water. It can also lay eggs in the toilet tanks.
  • This mosquito prefers to rest indoors as this protects them from climatic changes thereby increasing their life span.
  • Total number of Cases per Year is 390 million.

Symptoms

Symptoms of this fever usually develop suddenly 4 to 10 days after becoming infected. Symptoms can include:

  • Severe headache
  • High fever, Temperature can reach 40C (104F) or higher
  • Severe Nausea ,Vomiting
  • Pain behind the eyes
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Red rashes
  • Loss of appetite
  • Feeling or being sick.

Treatment for dengue

There’s no specific treatment for this fever. Treatment involves relieving your symptoms while the infection runs its course.

  • Take paracetamol to relieve pain and fever.
  • Avoid aspirin or ibuprofen, as these can cause
    bleeding problems in people with dengue
  • Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration.

Prevention

To protect yourself:

  • When outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks.
  • Use mosquito repellents, even indoors.
  • When indoors, use air conditioning if available.
  • Make sure window and door screens are secure and free of holes. If sleeping areas are not screened or air conditioned, use mosquito nets.
  • Stay away from heavily populated residential areas, if possible.
  • Get rid of things which are breedig ground for the mosquitos likes old tyres ,stagnant water,Properly cover Washroom containers .
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