Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a set of conditions which occur because of damage to your airways and lungs. COPD can consist of emphysema and chronic bronchitis. If you have COPD, you might have symptoms like difficulty breathing, cough, wheezing, and tightness in your chest. COPD is often brought on by smoking, but sometimes it’s brought on by breathing in toxins in the surroundings.
There’s absolutely no cure for COPD, and also the harm to the airways and lungs is irreversible. Nevertheless, several drugs can help reduce redness and open your airways that will assist you breathe easier with COPD.
Beta agonist inhalers
Beta-agonist inhalers include:
DO NOT use a spacer with beta-agonist inhalers.
Anticholinergic inhalers include:
Use your anticholinergic inhalers every day, even if you do not have symptoms.
Inhaled corticosteroids include:
After you use these drugs, rinse your mouth with water, gargle, and spit.
For many people with severe COPD, the normal first-line remedies, for example fast-acting bronchodilators and corticosteroids, do not appear to help when utilized in their own. While this occurs, some physicians prescribe a drug called theophylline alongside a bronchodilator. Theophylline functions as an anti-inflammatory medication and calms the muscles in the airways. Theophylline comes as a liquid or pill that you take everyday. Unwanted side effects of theophylline may include nausea or vomiting, tremors, and difficulty sleeping.
Combination inhaled medicines
Combination medicines combine two drugs and are inhaled. They include:
- Albuterol and ipratropium
- Formoterol and mometasone
- Fluticasone and salmeterol
- Budesonide and formoterol
- Fluticasone and vilanterol
- Glycopyrrolate and formoterol
- Fluticasone and umeclidinium and vilanterol
- Tiotropium and olodaterol
- Umeclidinium and vilanterol
- Indacaterol and glycopyrrolate
Doctors frequently use these extra therapies for Individuals with severe or moderate COPD:
- If there is not enough oxygen into your bloodstream, you might require supplemental oxygen. There are lots of devices to provide oxygen to the lungs, such as lightweight, mobile units which you may take with you to run errands and get about the town.
- Some individuals with COPD utilize oxygen only during actions or while sleeping. Oxygen therapy can enhance quality of life also is the sole COPD treatment proven to prolong life. Speak with your physician about your requirements and choices.
- Pulmonary rehab program. These programs normally combine instruction, exercise training, nutrition advice and counselling. You will work with a number of experts, who will tailor your rehab program to satisfy your requirements.
- Pulmonary rehab can shorten hospitalizations, raise your ability to take part in everyday tasks and boost your wellbeing. Speak with your physician about referral to your schedule.