Migraines are severe, debilitating headaches which are usually characterized by an intense throbbing or pulsing in 1 region of your head. They may include sensitivity to light, noise, and odor, generate visual disturbances like auras, and may even result in nausea or vomiting. They’re more than a hassle and can impact your daily life.

Migraines are generally treated with drugs. There are two types of medication used to treat migraines: intense therapy, such as pain and other ailments through a migraine headache, and preventative therapy, to decrease the frequency and severity of headaches.

Symptoms

  • Intense, frequently”pounding,” pain, generally on one side of the head
  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Eye pain
  • Sensitivity to noise

Types Of Migraine

There Are Lots of Types of migraine, for example:

Migraine with aura: in which there are specific warning signals before the migraine starts, like seeing flashing lights
Migraine without aura : The most Frequent form, in which the migraine happens with no Particular warning signals.
Migraine aura without headache, also Called silent migraine – in which an air or other migraine symptoms have been experienced, however a headache does not develop

Treatment

Migraine Treatment can help prevent symptoms and stop future strikes.

Many medicines are made to deal with migraines. Some medications often utilized to treat other illnesses can also help alleviate or stop migraines. Medications used to fight migraines fall into sub classes:

  • Pain-relieving drugs. Also called acute or abortive therapy, these kinds of medications are obtained during migraine attacks and also are made to prevent symptoms. These kinds of medications are taken frequently, frequently on a daily basis, to decrease the frequency or severity of migraines.
  • Your treatment plan is dependent upon the frequency and severity of your headaches, the degree of disability your headaches trigger, and also your other health ailments.
  • Some medicines are not recommended if you are breast-feeding or pregnant. Some medicines are not given to kids. Your health care provider can help find the ideal medicine for you.

Pain-relieving medicines

Take pain-relieving drugs after you experience symptoms or signs of a migraine to get the very best outcomes. It could be helpful if you sleep or rest in a darkened room after taking them. Medications include:

It could be aspirin,Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen  can also help alleviate moderate migraines in some individuals.

Drugs marketed especially for migraines, like the combination of acetaminophen, aspirin and caffeine (Excedrin Migraine), can also ease moderate migraine pain. They are not effective alone for acute migraines.

If taken too frequently or for long intervals, these drugs may result in nausea, gastrointestinal bleeding and medication-overuse headaches.

The prescription pain reliever indomethacin might help thwart a migraine and can be obtained in suppository form, which might be helpful if you’re nauseated.

Drugs in This Class are;

  • Aspirin
  • Acetaminophen
  • Ibuprofen
  • Diclofenac
  • Naproxen
  • Ketorolac

Ergots.

Ergotamine and caffeine combination medication (Migergot, Cafergot) are somewhat less powerful than triptans. Ergots look most successful in people whose pain lasts for over two days. Ergots are best when taken shortly after migraine symptoms begin.

Ergotamine can worsen nausea and vomiting associated with some migraines, and it might also result in medication-overuse headaches.

It is less likely to cause medication-overuse headaches.

Anti-nausea drugs. Medicine for nausea is generally blended with other drugs.

Drugs in This Class Are

  • Ergotamine
  • Dihydroergotamine
  • Ergotamine and caffeine
  • Methylergonovine
  • Methysergide

Triptans.

These medicines are frequently utilized in treating migraines. Triptans create blood vessels constrict and prevent pain pathways from the mind.

Triptans effectively alleviate the pain and other ailments which are associated with migraines.

Unwanted side effects of triptans include reactions at the injection site, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, nausea and muscular fatigue. They are not suggested for individuals at risk of strokes and heart attacks.

A single-tablet combination of sumatriptan and naproxen sodium (Treximet) has been shown to be effective in relieving constipation symptoms than medication by itself.

Drugs In This class are;

  • Eletriptan
  • Almotriptan
  • Naratriptan
  • Frovatriptan
  • Zolmitriptan
  • Rizatriptan
  • Sumatriptan and naproxen
  • Sumatriptan

Opioid drugs.

Opioid medications including narcotics, especially codeine, are occasionally utilized to treat migraine pain for men and women that can not take triptans or ergots. Narcotics are habit-forming and are often used only if no additional remedies offer relief. A glucocorticoid might be used together with other drugs to increase pain relief. Glucocorticoids should not be used regularly to prevent side effects.

Drugs in This Class Are;

  • Codeine
  • Oxycodone
  • Morphine
  • Meperidine

Erenumab (Aimovig) is a new class of medication known as a calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor (CGRP-R) antagonist accepted in 2018 to deal with migraine. It’s a monthy injection used to prevent migraines.

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